APA is a style guide for citations from the American Psychological Association (APA).
Citation style guides show you what information to include in each citation and how to organize your list of citations.
APA citation style is primarily used for research papers in nursing and social sciences classes although some instructors in other subject areas also use APA.
A citation is reliable way to lead your reader back to the materials you used in your research.
A citation gives credit to an author for their research, writings and ideas.
Most citations include information such as
When you use citations you are
There are two parts to an In Text citation.
The brief information must lead your reader to the full citation on the References page.
For APA In-Text citations, you need three pieces of information when your writing includes someone else’s words, ideas, or facts.
1. For print sources (books and articles)
2. For web based or media sources include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (for example: author name, article name, website name, film name) and the date.
Models and examples of APA in-text citations
APA Citation Help -The Basics from the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)
APA Citation Help - The Details from the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)
Citation Help for APA, 6th Edition: In-text Citations from the College of St.Scholastica
In Text Citation Using APA Style: from Douglas College Learning Centre
(Klassen, C., J. Robinson and M. Stainsby. (2012) "In Text Citation Using MLA Style." Douglas College. Douglas College. Retrieved 24 Sept. 2018,
What should be documented?
Your essay or paper needs to have evidence, or support, or proof of the points you are making. The main evidence you use in a literature essay comes in the form of ideas or words from the text you are analyzing. Below is a list of the situations where you should acknowledge the sources of information you use.
A) WHEN QUOTING: if you quote an author's exact words
Walker states that "womanist is to feminist as purple is to lavender," but does not stop at defining herself as a feminist (173).
B) WHEN PARAPHRASING: if you use your own words, but you use another author's ideas.
The aristocratic heroic and kinship values of Germanic society continued to inspire both clergy and laity during Christian times (Smith 323).
C) WHEN SUMMARIZING: if you summarize one or more points in another author's writing.
The Renaissance was seen as a time of upheaval of traditional art forms and societal values, paving the way for a more enlightened and broad view of the foreign world (Rahemtulla 988).
D) STATISTICS OR FACTS: if you use a fact or a statistic that is not common knowledge.
The Dutch Crown’s overseas territories were vastly increased in 1667 (Charland 301).
Klassen, C., J. Robinson and M. Stainsby. "In Text Citation Using MLA Style." Douglas College. Douglas College. 2012. Web. 22 July 2015.