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Cite It Right!: Quotes and In-Text Citations

Citation information to be used with the Cite It Right - Got Research? workshops

When to use In-Text Citations

What should be documented?
Your essay or paper needs to have evidence, or support, or proof of the points you are making. The main evidence you use in a literature essay comes in the form of ideas or words from the text you are analyzing. Below is a list of the situations where you should acknowledge the sources of information you use.

A) WHEN QUOTING: if you quote an author's exact words

Walker states that "womanist is to feminist as purple is to lavender," but does not stop at defining herself as a feminist (173).


B) WHEN PARAPHRASING: if you use your own words, but you use another author's ideas.

The aristocratic heroic and kinship values of Germanic society continued to inspire both clergy and laity during Christian times (Smith 323).


C) WHEN SUMMARIZING: if you summarize one or more points in another author's writing.

The Renaissance was seen as a time of upheaval of traditional art forms and societal values, paving the way for a more enlightened and broad view of the foreign world (Rahemtulla 988).


D) STATISTICS OR FACTS: if you use a fact or a statistic that is not common knowledge.

The Dutch Crown’s overseas territories were vastly increased in 1667 (Charland 301).

 

Klassen, C., J. Robinson and  M. Stainsby. "In Text Citation Using MLA Style." Douglas College. Douglas College. 2012. Web.  22 July 2015.

 

 

In Text Citations

Paraphrasing

deLaplante, K. (2013 Jan 24). Plagiarism: Paraphrasing Without Attribution. [Video File]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OPcqt_1Gpjk 
                                                                      (APA style video citation)

How do I use APA In Text Citations in my paper?

There are two parts to an In Text citation. 

  • the brief information in the text of the paper
  • the full citation on the Works Cited page

The brief information must lead your reader to the full citation on the References page.

For APA In-Text citations, you need three pieces of information when your writing includes someone else’s words, ideas, or facts.

1. For print sources (books and articles)

  •  the author's last name
  • date of publication
  •  the page number (if available)

2. For web based or media sources include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (for example: author name, article name, website name, film name) and the date.

 

Models and examples of APA in-text citations

APA Citation Help -The Basics  from the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)     

APA Citation Help - The Details  from the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL)  

Citation Help for APA, 6th Edition: In-text Citations from the College of St.Scholastica 

In Text Citation Using APA Style: from Douglas College Learning Centre
      (Klassen, C., J. Robinson and  M. Stainsby. (2012) "In Text Citation Using MLA Style." Douglas College. Douglas College.  Retrieved 24 Sept. 2018,
              
from https://guides.douglascollege.ca/APA-6)

How Do I use MLA In Text Citations in my paper?

There are two parts to an In Text citation. 

  • the brief information in the text of the paper
  • the full citation on the Works Cited page

The brief information must lead your reader to the full citation on the Works Cited page.

For MLA In Text citations, you need two pieces of information when your writing includes someone else’s words, ideas, or facts.

1. For print sources (books and articles)

  •  the author's last name
  •  the page number (if available)

2. For web based or media sources include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (for example: author name, article name, website name, film name).


Examples:
Book:  Torvald betrays his mistrust of Nora when he asks if her “sweet tooth didn’t get the better” of
her while she was shopping earlier (Ibsen 151).

 

Find more examples of In Text citations using these links.

MLA Citation Help - The Basics   from Purdue's Online Writing Lab (OWL)

In-Text Citations - MLA  from College of DuPage and EasyBib

 

URLs in MLA in text citations

For some in-text citations for sources from the internet, you may need to include part of a URL. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University gives this advice:

For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines:

  • Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation (e.g. author name, article name, website name, film name).
  • You do not need to give paragraph numbers or page numbers based on your Web browser’s print preview function.
  • Unless you must list the Web site name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. Only provide partial URLs such as when the name of the site includes, for example, a domain name, like CNN.com or Forbes.com as opposed to writing out http://www.cnn.com or http://www.forbes.com.

A citation on your Works Cited page would look like this:

Revkin, Andrew C. “Clinton on Climate Change.” The New York Times, 17 May 2007, www.nytimes.com/video/world/americas/1194817109438/clinton-on-climate-change.html. Accessed 29 July 2016

and your in-text citation in the paper would look like this:

(Revkin, nytimes.com)