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Is It Legit? Finding Sources for Your Research: Citations - APA and MLA

Citations for Online Sources

Citations for videos, images, podcasts and other digital sources can seem complicated. 

Use the models listed below and the Legit information you found  to help you craft good citations.

APA Citation Models for Digital Sources

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Citing A YouTube Video

Example:

Humber Libraries [HumberLibraries]. (2014, November 12).  APA in Minutes: Online Images [Video File].  Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBh0Ck3ACZU.

The Basic Pieces: 

Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

However, sometimes you may come across a video on a website that you would like to use but may not have all of the pieces. Do not let this discourage you from using it in your research.  Purdue Owl has information about what to do if the information is missing. For More Information, Visit Purdue Owl.  

Citing an Image

Below are examples in APA style citations by type.

Images from an electronic source

Author (Role of Author). (Year image was created). Title of work [Type of work], Retrieved from URL (address of website)

Kulbis, M. (Photographer). (2006). Men pray [Photograph], Retrieved from http://accuweather.ap.org/cgi-bin/aplaunch.pl

Note: If you can only find the screen name of an author (such as a photographer on Flickr), that will do as the author's name.

If the screen name is all lowercase, keep the name lowercase in the in-text citation and the references list.

Images from an electronic source (No Author, No Title, No Date)

Many images found on the Web are of this category, but you should still look for this missing information: try clicking on the image, and/or looking at the bottom of the image.

[Format and subject of work]. Retrieved from URL (address of website)

[Untitled photograph of a baby chimpanzee]. Retrieved from http://perso.wanadoo.fr/jdtr/struc/chimp3.htm

How to Create a Citation for an Image - APA

What information do I need for the citation?  At the minimum, you would need: 

Author

Title

Link

What does the citation look like?

Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

How do I cite this in my paper? In-Text Citations...

How to Create a Citation for a Video - APA

What information do I need for the citation?  At the minimum, you would need: 

Author

Title

Link

What does the citation look like?

Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

How do I cite this in my paper? In-Text Citations...

MLA Citation Models for Digital Sources

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Citing a YouTube Video

Example:

Humber Libraries. "APA in Minutes: Online Images." YouTube, uploaded by HumberLibraries, 12 November 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBh0Ck3ACZU.

Author. "Title of Video". uploaded by (screenname). Date. https://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

Image from an electronic source:

Artist's last name, first name.  Title of Art Work in Italics.  Date of art work.  Institution where art work is housed (if known),  City where art work is housed (if not already named).  Database or website name.  Web.  Day month year accessed.

Image from ARTstor

Cassatt, Mary.  Denise at Her Dressing Table.  ca. 1908-09.  Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.  ARTstor.  Web. 18 June 2019. <http://www.artstor.org>.

Image found on the open Web

Citation includes: Artist. Title of Work. Date of Work. Museum or Collection, City. Database/Web Site. Date Accessed. URL (optional).

Backhuyzen, Ludolf.  A Battle at Sea.  1692.  J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA.  The Getty.  Web.  18 June 2019. www.getty.edu

Image from a Library Database

If known, the collection which owns the image should be included, along with its location.

De Chirico, Giorgio.  Soothsayer’s Recompense.  1913.  Philadelphia (PA) Museum of Art.  Grove Art Online.  Web.  18 June 2019.

How to Create a Citation for an Image - MLA

What information do I need for the citation?  At the minimum, you would need: 

Author

Title

Link

What does the citation look like?

Author, A. A. [Screen name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from https://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

How do I cite this in my paper? In-Text Citations...

How to Create a Citation for a Video - MLA

What information do I need for the citation?  At the minimum, you would need: 

Author

Title

Link

What does the citation look like?

Citing a YouTube Video

Example:

Humber Libraries. "APA in Minutes: Online Images." YouTube, uploaded by HumberLibraries, 12 November 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBh0Ck3ACZU.

Author. "Title of Video". uploaded by (screenname). Date. https://www.someaddress.com/full/url/

How do I cite this in my paper? In-Text Citations...

Online Help for APA Citations

Online Help for MLA citations

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