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Political Science: U.S. Political Parties

Information and resources pertaining to the topic of political science and political philosophy.

U.S. Political Parties of the PAST

  • Federalist Party (1787?-1792?)

  • Anti-Federalist Party (1787?-1792?)

  • Democratic-Republican Party (1787?-1825?)

  • National Republican Party (1825-1834)

  • Whig Party (1832-1860)

  • Greenback Party (1874-1887?)

  • Populist Party (1891-1908?)

  • Progressive Party (1912-1916, 1924-1946?, 1948-1957?)

  • American Party (1968-1976)

    Source: World Book, v. 15 (2012), p. 632-633

U.S. Political Parties (CURRENT)

Vintage cartoon of boxing elephant and donkey

Source: World Book, v. 15 (2012), p. 632-632, 636

U.S. Sociopolitical Movements


Liberalism in an attitude or philosophy that places a heavy emphasis on freedom, equality, and opportunity. In most cases, it also involves an openness to change and a desire to seek new solutions to problems. Many liberal beliefs are considered progressive because they seek to creat progress through reform. (World Book 2012: "Liberalism,"  p. 227-288)


Conservatism is an attitude or philosophy that places great emphasis on traditional values, institutions, and ideas. Conservatives are generally distrustful of change, risk, and reform. Instead, they seek to conserve (maintain) an existing framework of standards and beliefs. (World Book 2012, "Conservatism," p. 991)

Tea Party

The Tea Party movement is a protest against the U.S. government, based monstly on fears that the federal governement has grown too powerful and is fiscally irresponsible. (The Tea Party movement / by Debra A. Miller, ed.; p. 19)

 Occupy Wall Street

Occupy movement is a protest against a broken economic compact that reaches into the very middle of America and that is resonating in other parts of the world as well. (Harvard International Review, Spring 2012 in Opposing Viewpoints database)